Duan, Shuiwang, Paul M. Mayer, Sujay S. Kaushal, Barret M. Wessel, and Thomas Johnson. 2019. “Regenerative Stormwater Conveyance (RSC) for Reducing Nutrients in Urban Stormwater Runoff Depends upon Carbon Quantity and Quality.” Science of The Total Environment652 (February): 134–46.


Kaushal Sujay S., Likens Gene E., Pace Michael L., Haq Shahan, Wood Kelsey L., Galella Joseph G., Morel Carol, et al. 2019. “Novel ‘chemical Cocktails’’ in Inland Waters Are a Consequence of the Freshwater Salinization Syndrome.’” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences374 (1764): 20180017.

Reisinger, Alexander J., Ellen Woytowitz, Emily Majcher, Emma J. Rosi, Kenneth T. Belt, Jonathan M. Duncan, Sujay S. Kaushal, and Peter M. Groffman. 2018. “Changes in Long-Term Water Quality of Baltimore Streams Are Associated with Both Gray and Green Infrastructure.” Limnology and Oceanography64 (S1): S60–76.


Wollheim W., Bernal S., Burns D., Czuba J., Driscoll C, Hansen A., Hansley R., Hosen J., Inamdar S., Kaushal S., Koenig L., Lu Y., Marzadri A., Raymond P., Scott D., Stewart R., Vidon P., Wohl E. 2018. River network saturation hypothesis: factors influencing biogeochemical demand of entire river networks relative to supply. Biogeochemistry

Haq, Shahan, Sujay S. Kaushal, and Shuiwang Duan. 2018. “Episodic Salinization and Freshwater Salinization Syndrome Mobilize Base Cations, Carbon, and Nutrients to Streams across Urban Regions.” Biogeochemistry141 (3): 463–86.


Huang, Yaling, Jinliang Huang, Ayu Ervinia, Shuiwang Duan, and Sujay S. Kaushal. 2018. “Land Use and Climate Variability Amplifies Watershed Nitrogen Exports in Coastal China.” Ocean & Coastal Management, March.


Kaushal, Sujay S., Arthur J. Gold, Susana Bernal, Tammy A. Newcomer Johnson, Kelly Addy, Amy Burgin, Douglas A. Burns, et al. 2018. “Watershed ‘Chemical Cocktails’: Forming Novel Elemental Combinations in Anthropocene Fresh Waters.” Biogeochemistry141 (3): 281–305.


Kaushal, Sujay S., Arthur J. Gold, Susana Bernal, and Jennifer L. Tank. 2018. “Diverse Water Quality Responses to Extreme Climate Events: An Introduction.” Biogeochemistry141 (3): 273–79.


Kaushal, Sujay S., Gene E. Likens, Michael L. Pace, Ryan M. Utz, Shahan Haq, Julia Gorman, and Melissa Grese. 2018. “Freshwater Salinization Syndrome on a Continental Scale.”Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences115 (4): E574–83.


 Vidon, Philippe, Diana L. Karwan, A. Scott Andres, Shreeram Inamdar, Sujay Kaushal, Jonathan Morrison, John Mullaney, et al. 2018. “In the Path of the Hurricane: Impact of Hurricane Irene and Tropical Storm Lee on Watershed Hydrology and Biogeochemistry from North Carolina to Maine, USA.” Biogeochemistry141 (3): 351–64.



Arango, Clay P., Jake J. Beaulieu, Ken M. Fritz, Brian H. Hill, Colleen M. Elonen, Michael J. Pennino, Paul M. Mayer, Sujay S. Kaushal, and Adam D. Balz. 2017. “Urban Infrastructure Influences Dissolved Organic Matter Quality and Bacterial Metabolism in an Urban Stream Network.” Freshwater Biology62 (11): 1917–28.


Duan, Shuiwang, Yuxiang He, Sujay S. Kaushal, Thomas S. Bianchi, Nicholas D. Ward, and Laodong Guo. 2017. “Impact of Wetland Decline on Decreasing Dissolved Organic Carbon Concentrations along the Mississippi River Continuum.” Frontiers in Marine Science3.


Kaushal, Sujay S., Shuiwang Duan, Thomas R. Doody, Shahan Haq, Rose M. Smith, Tamara A. Newcomer Johnson, Katie Delaney Newcomb, et al. 2017. “Human-Accelerated Weathering Increases Salinization, Major Ions, and Alkalinization in Fresh Water across Land Use.” Applied Geochemistry, Urban Geochemistry, 83 (August): 121–35.


Kaushal, Sujay S., Arthur J. Gold, and Paul M. Mayer. 2017. “Land Use, Climate, and Water Resources—Global Stages of Interaction.” Water9 (10): 815.


Reisinger, Alexander J., Emma J. Rosi, Heather A. Bechtold, Thomas R. Doody, Sujay S. Kaushal, and Peter M. Groffman. 2017. “Recovery and Resilience of Urban Stream Metabolism Following Superstorm Sandy and Other Floods.” Ecosphere8 (4): e01776.


Reisinger, Alexander J., Thomas R. Doody, Peter M. Groffman, Sujay S. Kaushal, and Emma J. Rosi. 2017. “Seeing the Light: Urban Stream Restoration Affects Stream Metabolism and Nitrate Uptake via Changes in Canopy Cover.” Ecological Applications0 (0): e01941.


Smith, Rose M., Sujay S. Kaushal, Jake J. Beaulieu, Michael J. Pennino, and Claire Welty. 2017. “Influence of Infrastructure on Water Quality and Greenhouse Gas Dynamics in Urban Streams.” Biogeosciences14 (11): 2831–49.


Weitzell, Roy E., Sujay S. Kaushal, Loretta M. Lynch, Steven M. Guinn, and Andrew J. Elmore. 2016. “Extent of Stream Burial and Relationships to Watershed Area, Topography, and Impervious Surface Area.” Water8 (11): 538.


Pennino, Michael J., Sujay S. Kaushal, Sudhir N. Murthy, Joel D. Blomquist, Jeff C. Cornwell, and Lora A. Harris. 2016. “Sources and Transformations of Anthropogenic Nitrogen along an Urban River–Estuarine Continuum.” Biogeosciences13 (22): 6211–28.


Pennino, Michael J., Sujay S. Kaushal, Paul M. Mayer, Ryan M. Utz, and Curtis A. Cooper. 2016. “Stream Restoration and Sewers Impact Sources and Fluxes of Water, Carbon, and Nutrients in Urban Watersheds.” Hydrology and Earth System Sciences20 (8): 3419–39.


Newcomer Johnson, Tamara A., Sujay S. Kaushal, Paul M. Mayer, Rose M. Smith, and Gwen M. Sivirichi. 2016. “Nutrient Retention in Restored Streams and Rivers: A Global Review and Synthesis.” Water8 (4): 116.

Pickett, S.T.A., M.L. Cadenasso, E.J. Rosi-Marshall., K.T. Belt, P.M. Groffman, J.M. Grove, E.G. Irwin, S.S. Kaushal, S.L. Ladeau, C.H. Nilon, C.M. Swan, P.S. Warren. 2016.  Urban Ecosystems.  Dynamic heterogeneity:  a framework to promote ecological integration and hypothesis generation in urban systems. Urban Ecosystemsdoi:10.1007/s11252-016-0574-9. 


 Kaushal, Sujay S., Christopher E. Tripler, and Jonathan M. Jeschke. 2016. “Avoiding an Ecological Midlife Crisis: Remembering the Joy.” Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America97 (1): 28–30.


Kaushal, Sujay S. 2016. “Increased Salinization Decreases Safe Drinking Water.” Environmental Science & Technology50 (6): 2765–66.


Duan, Shuiwang, Tamara Newcomer-Johnson, Paul Mayer, and Sujay Kaushal. 2016. “Phosphorus Retention in Stormwater Control Structures across Streamflow in Urban and Suburban Watersheds.” Water8 (9): 390.


Cui, Zhengtao, Claire Welty, Arthur J. Gold, Peter M. Groffman, Sujay S. Kaushal, and Andrew J. Miller. 2016. “Use of a Three-Dimensional Reactive Solute Transport Model for Evaluation of Bioreactor Placement in Stream Restoration.” Journal of Environmental Quality45 (3): 839–46.


Zheng, Guangming, Paul M. DiGiacomo, Sujay S. Kaushal, Marilyn A. Yuen-Murphy, and Shuiwang Duan. 2015. “Evolution of Sediment Plumes in the Chesapeake Bay and Implications of Climate Variability.” Environmental Science & Technology49 (11): 6494–6503.


Smith, Rose M., and Sujay S. Kaushal. 2015. “Carbon Cycle of an Urban Watershed: Exports, Sources, and Metabolism.” Biogeochemistry126 (1): 173–95.


Pennino, M. J., S. S. Kaushal, P. M. Mayer, R. M. Utz, and C. A. Cooper. 2015. “Stream Restoration and Sanitary Infrastructure Alter Sources and Fluxes of Water, Carbon, and Nutrients in Urban Watersheds.” Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions12 (12): 13149–96.


Duan. S., N. Chen, S.S. Kaushal, P. Chigbu, A. Ishaque, E. May, O.F. Oseji.  2015.  Dynamics of dissolved organic carbon and total dissolved nitrogen in Maryland’s coastal bays.  Estuarine, Coastal, and Shelf Science 164: 451-462.  


Duan, S., and S. S. Kaushal. 2015. “Salinization Alters Fluxes of Bioreactive Elements from Stream Ecosystems across Land Use.” Biogeosciences12 (23): 7331–47.


Bettez, Neil D., Jonathan M. Duncan, Peter M. Groffman, Lawrence E. Band, Jarlath O’Neil-Dunne, Sujay S. Kaushal, Kenneth T. Belt, and Neely Law. 2015. “Climate Variation Overwhelms Efforts to Reduce Nitrogen Delivery to Coastal Waters.” Ecosystems18 (8): 1319–31.


Beaulieu JJ, Golden HE, Knightes CD, Mayer PM, Kaushal SS, Pennino MJ, et al. (2015) Urban Stream Burial Increases Watershed-Scale Nitrate Export. PLoS ONE 10(7): e0132256.


Kaushal, S.S.; McDowell, W.H.; Wollheim, W.M.; Johnson, T.A.N.; Mayer, P.M.; Belt, K.T.; Pennino, M.J. Urban Evolution: The Role of Water. Water 2015, 7, 4063-4087. Full text available at:


Kaushal, S.S., W.H. McDowell, and W.M. Wollheim.  2014.  Tracking evolution of urban biogeochemical cycles:  past, present, and future.  Biogeochemistry121:1–21 DOI 10.1007/s10533-014-0014-y


Special Issue of Biogeochemistry "Tracking evolution of urban biogeochemical cycles:  past, present, and future" (Editors:  Kaushal, McDowell, Wollheim).  Available at:


NPR Interview regarding special issue and overview synthesis paper can be found at: 


Anderson, T., P.M. Groffman, S.S. Kaushal, and M.T. Walter.  Denitrification in riparian zones of a headwater agricultural landscape.  2014.  Journal of Environmental Quality doi:10.2134/jeq2013.07.0303


Harrison, M.D., A.J. Miller, P.M. Groffman, S.S. Kaushal, P.M. Mayer.  2014.  Hydrologic controls on nitrogen and phosphorus dynamics in relict oxbow wetlands adjacent to an urban restored stream.  Journal of American Water Resources Association DOI: 10.1111/jawr.12193


Pennino, M.J., S.S. Kaushal, J.J. Beaulieu, P.M. Mayer, and C.P. Arango.  2014.  Effects of urban stream burial on nitrogen uptake and ecosystem metabolism: implications for watershed nitrogen and carbon fluxes.  Biogeochemistry DOI:  10.1007/s10533-014-9958-1  


Beaulieu JJ, Mayer PM, Kaushal SS, *Pennino MJ, Arango CP, Balz DA, Fritz KM, Hill BH, Elonen CM, Santo Domingo JW, Ryu H, Canfield TJ.  2014.  Effects of urban stream burial on organic matter dynamics and reach scale nitrate retention.  Biogeochemistry DOI:  10.1007/s10533-014-9971-4


Kaushal, S.S., P.M. Mayer, P. Vidon, *R.M. Smith, *M.J. Pennino, †S.W. Duan, *T.A. Newcomer, C. Welty, and K.T. Belt.  2014.  Land use and climate variability amplify carbon, nutrient, and contaminant pulses:  a review with management implications.  Journal of the American Water Resources Association DOI: 10.1111/jawr.12204


Prasad, M.B.K.., M. Maddox, A. Sood, S. Kaushal, R. Murtugudde.  2014.  Nutrients, Chlorophyll and Biotic-Estuary: Implications of Urbanization in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed, USA.  Marine and Freshwater Research65:  475-485.  


Kaushal S.S., *K.A.Delaney-Newcomb, S.E.G. Findlay, *T.A. Newcomer, *M.J. Pennino, †S.W. Duan, *G. Sivirichi, A.M. Sides, and M.R. Walbridge.  2014.  Longitudinal changes in carbon and nitrogen fluxes and stream metabolism along an urban watershed continuum.  BiogeochemistryDOI:  10.1007/s10533-014-9979-9


 Newcomer Johnson, T.A., S.S. Kaushal, P.M. Mayer, M. Grese.  2014.  Effects of stormwater management and stream restoration on watershed nitrogen retention.  Biogeochemistry DOI: 10.1007/s10533-014-9999-5

Duan, S., K. *Delaney-Newcomb,S.S. Kaushal, S.E.G. Findlay, K.T. Belt. 2014.  Potential effects of leaf litter on water quality in urban watersheds.  Biogeochemistry121:  61-80.

Passeport, E., P. Vidon, K. Forshay, J. Hyman, S.S. Kaushal, D. Kellogg, P. Mayer, and E. Stander.  2013.   Ecological engineering practices for the reduction of non-point source N in human influenced landscapes: A guide for watershed managers.  Environmental Management DOI: 10.1007/s00267-012-9970-y


Duan, S.W. and S.S. Kaushal.  2013. Warming increases carbon-nutrient fluxes from sediments in streams across land use.  Biogeosciences 10:  1-15.


Prasad, M.B.K, S.S. Kaushal, R. Murtugudde.  2013.  Long-term pCO2 dynamics in rivers of the Chesapeake Bay watershed.  Applied Geochemistry  (In Press)


Wolfe, A.P., W.O. Hobbs, H.H. Birks, J.P. Briner, S.U. Holmgren, O. Ingolfsson, S.S. Kaushal, G.H. Miller, M. Pagani, J.E. Saros, R.D. Vinebrooke.  2013.  Stratigraphic expressions of the Holocene-Anthropocene transition revealed in sediments from remote lakes.  Earth Science Reviews 116:  17-34.


Kaushal, S.S. and J.M. Jeschke.  2013.  Collegiality versus competition: how metrics shape scientific communities.  BioScience 63:  155-156‎


Kaushal, S.S., G.E. Likens, R. Utz, M.L. Pace, M. Grese, and M. Yepsen.  2013.  Increased river alkalinization in the Eastern U.S.  Environmental Science & Technology DOI: 10.1021/es401046s



Newcomer, T.A., S.S. Kaushal, P.M. Mayer, A. Shields, E.A. Canuel, P.M. Groffman, A.J. Gold, and K.A. Delaney.  2012.  Influence of natural and novel organic carbon sources on denitrification in forest, urban degraded, and restored streams.  Ecological Monographs (In Press).

Kaushal, S.S., and K.T. Belt.  2012.  The Urban Watershed Continuum:  Evolving Spatial and Temporal Dimensions.  Urban Ecosystems 15:  409-435   DOI: 10.1007/s11252-012-0226-7   


Harrison, M.D., P.M. Groffman, P.M. Mayer, and S.S. Kaushal.  2012.  Nitrate Removal in Two Relict Oxbow  Urban Wetlands: A 15N Mass-balance Approach.  Biogeochemistry (In Press)


Bain, D., M. Green, J. Campbell, J. Chamblee, S. Chaoka, J. Fraterrigo, S. Kaushal,  S. Martin, T. Jordan,  A. Parolari, W. Sobczak, D. Weller, W. Wollheim, E. Boose, J. Duncan, G. Gettel, B. Hall, K. Praveen, J. Thompson, J. Vose, E. Elliott, and D. Leigh.  2012.  Legacies in Material Flux: Structural Catchment Changes Pre-date Long-term Studies.  BioScience 62: 575-584   DOI: 10.1525/bio.2012.62.6.8   


Duan, S., S.S. Kaushal, S.E.G. Findlay, L.E. Band, and P.M. Groffman.  2012. Phosphorus export across an urban to rural gradient in the Chesapeake Bay watershed.  Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences 117: G01025   DOI: 10.1029/2011JG001782


Kaushal, S.S.  2012.  A Journey to the Source of the Ganges.  Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment  10: 105-106  

Harrison, M.D., P.M. Groffman, P.M. Mayer, and S.S. Kaushal.  2012.  Patchiness in Microbial Biomass and Activity in Geomorphic Features in Forested and Urban Restored and Degraded Streams.  Ecological Engineering 38:  1-10

Kaushal, S.S., P.M. Groffman, L.E. Band, E. Elliott, C.A. Shields and C. Kendall.  2011. Tracking nonpoint nitrogen pollution in human-impacted watersheds.  Environmental Science & Technology 10.1021/es200779e. 


Harrison, M.D., P.M. Groffman, P.M. Mayer, S.S. Kaushal, and T.A. Newcomer.  2011.  In situ push-pull method to determine denitrification in alluvial wetlands in an urban landscape.  Journal of Environmental Quality 40(2):634-646.


Sivirichi, G., S.S. Kaushal, P.M. Mayer, C. Welty, K.T. Belt, K.A. Delaney, T.A. Newcomer, and M. Grese.  2011.  Longitudinal variability in streamwater chemistry and carbon and nitrogen fluxes in restored and unrestored stream networks.  Journal of Environmental Monitoring DOI: 10.1039/c0em00055h


Pickett, S.T.A., G.L. Buckley, S.S. Kaushal, Y. Williams.  2011.  Ecological science in the humane metropolis.  Urban Ecosystems 10.1007/s11252-011-0166-7


Pickett, S.T.A., M.L. Cadanasso, J.M. Grove, L.E. Band, C.G. Boone, E. Irwin, P.M. Groffman, S.S. Kaushal, V. Marshall, B. McGrath, C.H. Nilon, R.V. Pouyat, K. Szlavecz, A. Troy, and P. Warren. 2011.  Urban ecological systems:  foundations and a decade of progress.  Journal of Environmental Management 92 (2011) 331e36 

Kaushal, S.S., M.L. Pace, P.M. Groffman,  L.E. Band, K.T. Belt, P.M. Mayer, and C. Welty.  2010.  Land use and climate variability amplify contaminant pulses.  EOS 91(25), 221–222

Collins, K.A., T. J. Lawrence, E.K. Stander, R.J. Jontos, S.S. Kaushal, T.A. Newcomer, N.B. Grimm, M.C. Ekberg. 2010. Opportunities and challenges for managing nitrogen in urban stormwater:  A Review and Synthesis.  Ecological Engineering doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2010.03.015<>

Findlay, S.E.G., W.H. McDowell, D.T. Fischer, J. Merriam, M. Daly, M.L. Pace, N. Caraco, S.S. Kaushal, and K.C. Weathers.  2010.  Inorganic carbon interference with automated measurement of dissolved organic carbon.  Limnology and Oceanography:  Methods 8:  196-201

Mayer, P.M., P.M. Groffman, E.A. Striz, and S.S. Kaushal.  2010.  Nitrogen dynamics at the ground water and surface water interface of a degraded urban stream.  Journal of Environmental Quality 39:  810–823.

Kaushal, S.S., G.E. Likens, N.A. Jaworski, M.L. Pace, A.M. Sides, K.T. Belt, D. Secor, D. Seekell, and R. Wingate. 2010.  Rising stream and river temperatures in the United States.   Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 100323112848094 DOI: 10.1890/090037<>

Gift, D., P.M. Groffman, S.S. Kaushal, P.M. Mayer, E.A. Striz.  2010.  Root biomass, organic matter and denitrification potential in degraded and restored urban riparian zones.  Restoration Ecology DOI: 10.1111/j.1526-100X.2008.00438.

W.H. M Klocker, C.A., S.S. Kaushal, P.M. Groffman, P.M. Mayer, and R .P. Morgan.  2009.  Nitrogen uptake and denitrification in restored and unrestored streams in urban Maryland, USA. Aquatic Sciences 71:  411-424.

S.J. Wenger, A.H. Roy, C.R. Jackson, E.S. Bernhardt, T.L. Carter, S. Filoso, C.A. Gibson, N.B. Grimm, W.C. Hession, S.S. Kaushal, E. Martí, J.L. Meyer, M.A. Palmer, M.J. Paul, A.H. Purcell, A. Ramirez, A.D. Rosemond, K.A. Schofield, T.R. Schueler, E. Sudduth, and C.J. Walsh.  2009.  Top urban stream ecology research questions:  what we know, what we don’t know, and what we need to know to better manage urban streams.  Journal of the North American Benthological Society 28:  1080–1098.

Lookingbill, T.R, S.S. Kaushal, R.H. Gardner, A.J. Elmore, R.P. Morgan, R.H. Hilderbrand, K.N. Eshleman, W.R. Boynton, M.A. Palmer, and W.C . Dennison.  2009.  Altered ecological flows blur boundaries in urbanizing watersheds.  Ecology and Society 14: 10. Full Article<>.

Kaushal, S.S.  2009.  Chloride.  Encyclopedia of Inland Waters. Ed. G.E. Likens. Elsevier.

Hopfensperger, K.N., S.S. Kaushal, Findlay, S.E.G., and J.C. Cornwell.  Influence of plant communities on denitrification in a tidal freshwater wetland of the Potomac River, U.S.A.  2009.  Journal of Environmental Quality 38: 618-626

Shields, C.A., L.E. Band, N.L. Law, P.M. Groffman, S.S. Kaushal, K. Savvas, and G.T. Fisher.  Streamflow distribution of nitrogen export from urban-rural catchments in the Chesapeake Bay watershed.  2008.  Water Resources Research 44 W09416 doi:10.1029/2007WR006360.

Kaushal, S.S., P.M. Groffman, L.E. Band, C.A. Shields, R.P. Morgan, M.A. Palmer, K.T. Belt, G. T. Fisher, C.M. Swan, and S.E.G. Findlay.  2008.  Interaction between urbanization and climate variability amplifies watershed nitrate export in Maryland.  Environmental Science & Technology 42, 5872–5878, 2008. 10.1021/es800264f

Kaushal, S.S., P.M. Groffman, P.M. Mayer, E. Striz, E.J. Doheny, A.J. Gold.  2008.  Effects of stream restoration on denitrification in an urbanizing watershed.  Ecological Applications 18:  789-804.

Elmore, A.J. and Kaushal, S.S.  2008. Disappearing headwaters: Patterns of stream burial due to urbanization. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6, doi:10.1890/070101

Craig, L.S., M.A. Palmer, D.C. Richardson, S. Filoso, E.S. Bernhardt, B.P. Bledsoe, M.W. Doyle, P.M. Groffman, B. Hassett, S.S. Kaushal, P.M. Mayer, S.M. Smith, and P.R. Wilcock.  2008.  Stream restoration strategies for reducing river nitrogen loads.  Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment DOI: 10.1890/070080

Kaushal, S.S., W.M. Lewis, Jr., and J.H. McCutchan, Jr.  2006.  Land use change and nitrogen enrichment of a Rocky Mountain watershed. Ecological Applications 16:  299-312.

Tripler, C.E., S.S. Kaushal, G.E. Likens, and M.T. Walter.  2006.  Patterns in potassium dynamics in forest ecosystems.  Ecology Letters 9: 451-466.

Pellerin, B., S.S. Kaushal, and W.H. McDowell.  2006.  Does anthropogenic nitrogen enrichment increase organic nitrogen concentrations in runoff from forested and human-dominated watersheds?  Ecosystems 9: 852-864.

Kaushal, S.S. and W.M. Lewis, Jr.  2005.  Fate and transport of dissolved organic nitrogen in minimally disturbed streams of Colorado, U.S.A. Biogeochemistry 74:  303-321.

Kaushal, S.S., P.M. Groffman, G.E. Likens, K.T. Belt, W.P. Stack, V.R. Kelly, L.E. Band, and G.T. Fisher.  2005.  Increased salinization of fresh water in the northeastern U.S.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 102:  13517-13520.

Lajtha, K., S. Crow, Y. Yano, S.S. Kaushal, E. Sulzman, J.D.H. Spears and P. Sollins. 2005. Detrital controls on dissolved organic matter in soils: a field experiment. Biogeochemistry 76:  261-281.

McDowell, W.H., A. Magill, J.A. Aitkenhead-Peterson, J.D. Aber, J. Merriam, and S.S. Kaushal. 2004. Effects of chronic nitrogen amendment on dissolved organic matter and inorganic nitrogen in soil solution. Forest Ecology and Management 196: 29-41.

Kaushal, S.S. and W.M. Lewis, Jr. 2003. Patterns in the chemical fractionation of organic nitrogen in Rocky Mountain streams. Ecosystems 6: 483-492.

Wolfe, A.P., S.S. Kaushal, J.R. Fulton, and D.M. McKnight. 2002.  Spectrofluorescence of sediment humic substances and historical changes of lacustrine organic matter provenance in response to atmospheric nutrient enrichment. Environmental Science & Technology 36: 3217-3223.

Kaushal, S.S. and J. Walsh. 2002. Comparison of nitrogen isotope ratios in feathers from seven species of Colorado breeding birds. Western North American Naturalist 62: 246-248.

Kaushal, S. and M.W. Binford. 1999. Relationship between C:N ratios of lake sediments, organic matter sources, and historical deforestation in Lake Pleasant, Massachusetts. Journal of Paleolimnology 22: 439-442.

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